Volume 1

First volume of Épijournal de Géométrie Algébrique - 2017

1. Conic bundles that are not birational to numerical Calabi--Yau pairs

János Kollár.
Let $X$ be a general conic bundle over the projective plane with branch curve of degree at least 19. We prove that there is no normal projective variety $Y$ that is birational to $X$ and such that some multiple of its anticanonical divisor is effective. We also give such examples for 2-dimensional conic bundles defined over a number field.

2. Bridgeland Stability Conditions on Fano Threefolds

Marcello Bernardara ; Emanuele Macrì ; Benjamin Schmidt ; Xiaolei Zhao.
We show the existence of Bridgeland stability conditions on all Fano threefolds, by proving a modified version of a conjecture by Bayer, Toda, and the second author. The key technical ingredient is a strong Bogomolov inequality, proved recently by Chunyi Li. Additionally, we prove the original conjecture for some toric threefolds by using the toric Frobenius morphism.

3. On complete reducibility in characteristic $p$

V. Balaji ; P. Deligne ; A. J. Parameswaran.
Let $G$ be a reductive group over a field $k$ which is algebraically closed of characteristic $p \neq 0$. We prove a structure theorem for a class of subgroup schemes of $G$, for $p$ bounded below by the Coxeter number of $G$. As applications, we derive semi-simplicity results, generalizing earlier results of Serre proven in 1998, and also obtain an analogue of Luna's étale slice theorem for suitable bounds on $p$.

4. Some remarks on regular foliations with numerically trivial canonical class

Stéphane Druel.
In this article, we first describe codimension two regular foliations with numerically trivial canonical class on complex projective manifolds whose canonical class is not numerically effective. Building on a recent algebraicity criterion for leaves of algebraic foliations, we then address regular foliations of small rank with numerically trivial canonical class on complex projective manifolds whose canonical class is pseudo-effective. Finally, we confirm the generalized Bondal conjecture formulated by Beauville in some special cases.

5. Finiteness of the space of n-cycles for a reduced (n − 2)-concave complex space

Daniel Barlet.
We show that for n ≥ 2 the space of closed n-cycles in a strongly (n − 2)-concave complex space has a natural structure of reduced complex space locally of finite dimension and represents the functor " analytic family of n-cycles " parametrized by Banach analytic sets.

6. Correspondences between convex geometry and complex geometry

Brian Lehmann ; Jian Xiao.
We present several analogies between convex geometry and the theory of holomorphic line bundles on smooth projective varieties or Kähler manifolds. We study the relation between positive products and mixed volumes. We define and study a Blaschke addition for divisor classes and mixed divisor classes, and prove new geometric inequalities for divisor classes. We also reinterpret several classical convex geometry results in the context of algebraic geometry: the Alexandrov body construction is the convex geometry version of divisorial Zariski decomposition; Minkowski's existence theorem is the convex geometry version of the duality between the pseudo-effective cone of divisors and the movable cone of curves.

7. Syzygies of Prym and paracanonical curves of genus 8

Elisabetta Colombo ; Gavril Farkas ; Alessandro Verra ; Claire Voisin.
By analogy with Green's Conjecture on syzygies of canonical curves, the Prym-Green conjecture predicts that the resolution of a general level p paracanonical curve of genus g is natural. The Prym-Green Conjecture is known to hold in odd genus for almost all levels. Probabilistic arguments strongly suggested that the conjecture might fail for level 2 and genus 8 or 16. In this paper, we present three geometric proofs of the surprising failure of the Prym-Green Conjecture in genus 8, hoping that the methods introduced here will shed light on all the exceptions to the Prym-Green Conjecture for genera with high divisibility by 2.

8. On a theorem of Campana and Păun

Christian Schnell.
Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over the complex numbers, and $\Delta \subseteq X$ a reduced divisor with normal crossings. We present a slightly simplified proof for the following theorem of Campana and Păun: If some tensor power of the bundle $\Omega_X^1(\log \Delta)$ contains a subsheaf with big determinant, then $(X, \Delta)$ is of log general type. This result is a key step in the recent proof of Viehweg's hyperbolicity conjecture.

9. Haas' theorem revisited

Benoît Bertrand ; Erwan Brugallé ; Arthur Renaudineau.
Haas' theorem describes all partchworkings of a given non-singular plane tropical curve $C$ giving rise to a maximal real algebraic curve. The space of such patchworkings is naturally a linear subspace $W_C$ of the $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$-vector space $\overrightarrow \Pi_C$ generated by the bounded edges of $C$, and whose origin is the Harnack patchworking. The aim of this note is to provide an interpretation of affine subspaces of $\overrightarrow \Pi_C $ parallel to $W_C$. To this purpose, we work in the setting of abstract graphs rather than plane tropical curves. We introduce a topological surface $S_\Gamma$ above a trivalent graph $\Gamma$, and consider a suitable affine space $\Pi_\Gamma$ of real structures on $S_\Gamma$ compatible with $\Gamma$. We characterise $W_\Gamma$ as the vector subspace of $\overrightarrow \Pi_\Gamma$ whose associated involutions induce the same action on $H_1(S_\Gamma,\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z})$. We then deduce from this statement another proof of Haas' original result.

10. Hilbert-Mumford stability on algebraic stacks and applications to $\mathcal{G}$-bundles on curves

Jochen Heinloth.
In these notes we reformulate the classical Hilbert-Mumford criterion for GIT stability in terms of algebraic stacks, this was independently done by Halpern-Leinster. We also give a geometric condition that guarantees the existence of separated coarse moduli spaces for the substack of stable objects. This is then applied to construct coarse moduli spaces for torsors under parahoric group schemes over curves.

11. Wonderful compactifications of Bruhat-Tits buildings

Bertrand Remy ; Amaury Thuillier ; Annette Werner.
Given a split semisimple group over a local field, we consider the maximal Satake-Berkovich compactification of the corresponding Euclidean building. We prove that it can be equivariantly identified with the compactification which we get by embedding the building in the Berkovich analytic space associated to the wonderful compactification of the group. The construction of this embedding map is achieved over a general non-archimedean complete ground field. The relationship between the structures at infinity, one coming from strata of the wonderful compactification and the other from Bruhat-Tits buildings, is also investigated.