Fifth volume of Épijournal de Géométrie Algébrique - 2021

We develop a theory of modulus sheaves with transfers, which generalizes Voevodsky's theory of sheaves with transfers. This paper and its sequel are foundational for the theory of motives with modulus, which is developed in [KMSY20].

We develop a theory of sheaves and cohomology on the category of proper modulus pairs. This complements [KMSY21], where a theory of sheaves and cohomology on the category of non-proper modulus pairs has been developed.

We construct here many families of K3 surfaces that one can obtain as quotients of algebraic surfaces by some subgroups of the rank four complex reflection groups. We find in total 15 families with at worst $ADE$--singularities. In particular we classify all the K3 surfaces that can be obtained as quotients by the derived subgroup of the previous complex reflection groups. We prove our results by using the geometry of the weighted projective spaces where these surfaces are embedded and the theory of Springer and Lehrer-Springer on properties of complex reflection groups. This construction generalizes a previous construction by W. Barth and the second author.

Reid's recipe for a finite abelian subgroup $G\subset \text{SL}(3,\mathbb{C})$ is a combinatorial procedure that marks the toric fan of the $G$-Hilbert scheme with irreducible representations of $G$. The geometric McKay correspondence conjecture of Cautis--Logvinenko that describes certain objects in the derived category of $G\text{-Hilb}$ in terms of Reid's recipe was later proved by Logvinenko et al. We generalise Reid's recipe to any consistent dimer model by marking the toric fan of a crepant resolution of the vaccuum moduli space in a manner that is compatible with the geometric correspondence of Bocklandt--Craw--Quintero-Vélez. Our main tool generalises the jigsaw transformations of Nakamura to consistent dimer models.

It was conjectured by Lang that a complex projective manifold is Kobayashi hyperbolic if and only if it is of general type together with all of its subvarieties. We verify this conjecture for projective manifolds whose universal cover carries a bounded, strictly plurisubharmonic function. This includes in particular compact free quotients of bounded domains.

We prove that some relative character varieties of the fundamental group of a punctured sphere into the Hermitian Lie groups $\mathrm{SU}(p,q)$ admit compact connected components. The representations in these components have several counter-intuitive properties. For instance, the image of any simple closed curve is an elliptic element. These results extend a recent work of Deroin and the first author, which treated the case of $\textrm{PU}(1,1) = \mathrm{PSL}(2,\mathbb{R})$. Our proof relies on the non-Abelian Hodge correspondance between relative character varieties and parabolic Higgs bundles. The examples we construct admit a rather explicit description as projective varieties obtained via Geometric Invariant Theory.

The Bialynicki-Birula strata on the Hilbert scheme $H^n(\mathbb{A}^d)$ are smooth in dimension $d=2$. We prove that there is a schematic structure in higher dimensions, the Bialynicki-Birula scheme, which is natural in the sense that it represents a functor. Let $\rho_i:H^n(\mathbb{A}^d)\rightarrow {\rm Sym}^n(\mathbb{A}^1)$ be the Hilbert-Chow morphism of the ${i}^{th}$ coordinate. We prove that a Bialynicki-Birula scheme associated with an action of a torus $T$ is schematically included in the fiber $\rho_i^{-1}(0)$ if the ${i}^{th}$ weight of $T$ is non-positive. We prove that the monic functors parametrizing families of ideals with a prescribed initial ideal are representable.